Since the International Women’s Travel Center fearlessly goes where other sites don’t go by specifically mentioning safety hazards by country, it’s only fair to explain how we arrived at our list:

We start with the Global Peace Index of 2017, which gives us statistics and analyses according to each country’s level of violence or peacefulness using twenty-two indicators, including crime and homicide rates, violent demonstrations, military spending, etc.  This site includes excellent interactive maps.

We review the World Economic Forum – Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report 2015, which is primarily commercially oriented and ranks countries by using a mix of publicly available data, travel and tourism data, experts, and an annual survey of travel professionals since that gives us information on infrastructure and tourism support services.

Additionally, we use the United Nations Global Tourism Index which lists popularity of countries by region to determine which countries women are more likely to travel.

We also check various countries’ travel warnings and advisories to get specifics as to the types of dangers for each country. These are excellent sources and are updated frequently.

Government of Australia – Click on Smartraveller for country specific advice and warnings.

Government of Canada – Travel advice page offers warnings, advisories, and news on each country.

United Kingdom Foreign Travel Advice – Offers advice by country as to specific hazards and level of danger.

United States State Department – This site provides travel information for each country, including visa and vaccination requirements, and safety tips.

Because data can lag by months or even years, we also look at international news sources as well as the following:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – This website contain Zika travel information and other resources for travelers.

ESRI Terrorism Database – Offers up to date information on terrorism incidents all over the globe as to date of attack, group involved, fatalities, and specific location.

Travel.State.Gov – A service of the Bureau of Consular Affairs – Has statistics of how many Americans have died in various countries, the cause and the date. This site is an excellent source that is regularly updated and gives a sense of the types of lethal threats travelers face in different countries.

World Bank Gender Data Portal – This is a comprehensive source for the latest data and statistics regarding gender. It includes demography, education, health, access to economic opportunities, public life and decision-making, and agency. It also publishes the Global Gender Gap Report 2015 in which it looks at 145 (out of about 200 countries) economies to see how women are doing.